Costa Rica says its doors are closed to Cubans
Costa Rica says its doors are closed to Cubans
“Costa Rica already gave everything it could give,” says foreign minister
Government complains that countries on the Ecuador-to-Mexico route
suffer the consequences of the U.S. Cuban Adjustment Act
Representatives of the U.S., Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Cuba and Central
America meet Tuesday in San José to tackle migration crisis
Special to the el Nuevo Herald
SAN JOSÉ, COSTA RICA
Costa Rica has issued a warning to the new wave of undocumented Cuban
migrants hoping to travel by land from Ecuador to Central America and
eventually the United States: they will not pass.
Foreign Minister Manuel González Sanz told el Nuevo Herald that Costa
Rica was already worn down by its handling of the previous wave of 7,800
Cubans who were detained or stranded here from November of 2015 until March.
“I want to make absolutely clear, to all the (Cuban) migrants who are
coming and those already in Panama, that Costa Rica cannot and will not
receive them,” González said. The country “will make use of all domestic
and international measures at its disposal to address this situation, if
we face something similar to what we faced from November to March.”
He added that waves of undocumented Cuban migrants “will continue as
long as the U.S. law that favors Cuban migration, the well-known Cuban
Adjustment Act, continues,” and indicated that there’s a profound
discomfort in the region with the Act.
The issue of Cuban migration “should be part of the bilateral relations
between Cuba and the United States, but the reality is that the
countries from Ecuador to Mexico, we are the ones caught in the middle
and we are the ones suffering the consequences of laws that incite that
migration,” the minister said.
The Adjustment Act gives Cuban migrants many benefits not available to
other undocumented migrants, such as U.S. residence after 366 days in
the United States. Undocumented Cubans who reach U.S. territory are not
deported to the island under the U.S. government policy known as
“Costa Rica already gave everything it could give, did more than it was
required to do, and we are definitely not in a position to confront —
not as part of a group and certainly not alone, as we did in the past —
a situation similar to what the country experienced,” he added.
The country’s government said repeatedly in recent months that any
Cubans who enter the country without visas may be deported to Cuba — an
option that appears to remain on the table even though the migrants
could challenge it in the courts here.
The government has called a meeting Tuesday in this capital city of
migration and diplomatic officials from the United States, Mexico,
Central America, Cuba, Colombia and Ecuador to tackle the threat of a
renewed migration crisis.
Panamanian migration authorities reported that another 2,723 Cubans were
detained there as of April 6. Adding to the threat of a new crisis has
been the large number of migrants from Africa and Asia who travel to
South America to join the stream of undocumented migrants heading to the
“If there is not a coordinated, structural approach by all the countries
involved, we will continue to have these events affecting countries
individually,” he added. “But individual action has proven to be too
fragile for one country to take on a problem of such proportions.”
The previous crisis — the worst Cuban migration crisis in Central
America since Fidel Castro rose to power in 1959 — started in
mid-November when Costa Rica cracked down on a people-smuggling ring.
Left without guides or contacts, undocumented Cubans started to bunch up
at the Costa Rican borders with Panama and Nicaragua.
Panama and Costa Rica had to open temporary shelters to care for the
detained or stranded Cuban migrants, which eventually totaled more than
9,500. The Costa Rican government issued temporary transit visas to
Cubans arriving in November, but on Dec. 18 it also decided to close its
border with Panama.
The crisis was finally resolved with an airlift that flew thousands of
Cubans from Costa Rica and Panama to El Salvador and Mexico.
The number of Cuban migrants moving through Central America has been
increasing rapidly since 2008, when Ecuador lifted its visa requirement
for Cubans. Ecuador reimposed its visa requirement in December to try to
contain the flow of Cubans.
Costa Rican authorities already have warned that the flow is growing
with the help of coyotes — people smugglers — who charge undocumented
Cubans up to $15,000 to take them from Ecuador to the Mexican border
with the United States.
Source: Costa Rica says its doors are closed to Cubans | Miami Herald –