Cuba Illegal Exit
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Florida sees spike in number of Cubans arriving illegally

Florida sees spike in number of Cubans arriving illegally

By Mike Clary, Sun Sentinel

6:13 p.m. EST, November 21, 2012

MIRAMAR—

When Carlos Velazquez arrived here in 1994 on a home-made boat fashioned

from intertubes, he was one man in a wave of 38,560 Cubans who took part

in a rag-tag rafter exodus.

Earlier this month, his son, also named Carlos, made the journey. But

he, his wife Olga and their 7-year-old son Maikol came by jet and

presented papers documenting their status as entrants under the family

reunification program.

"It took four years to do the paperwork," said Velazquez, 34, who is now

sharing space in his father's tight, two-bedroom trailer in Miramar.

While he and up to 20,000 other Cubans legally entered the U.S. in the

last year, an estimated 10,000 came in without papers in what U.S.

officials and resettlement agencies say is a surge prompted by a poor

island economy and disillusionment over the future.

Although a majority slip easily into the huge Cuban-American community

in Miami-Dade County, many others follow the Velazquez family's

experience and put down roots in Broward or Palm Beach counties.

Church World Service, one of two agencies with federal contracts to

resettle Cubans here, this year opened an office in Fort Lauderdale and

also sees Cuban clients in a Delray Beach office that serves Haitians.

In the fiscal year that ended in September, the U.S. Coast Guard stopped

1,275 Cubans heading for the U.S. in boats, and another 97 in the

following month and a half. Those are the biggest totals since 2008.

But thousands of others are making their way into the U.S. by crossing

the Mexican and Canadian borders, according to Adrian Duranona, a

director of Church World Service. Some of those crossing the Southwest

border have endured a grueling 1,700-mile overland journey through six

countries that began in Ecuador, a South American nation that has taken

in some 100,000 Cubans since 2008.

"It may be under the radar, but as we know, Cubans arrive all the time,"

said Duranona.

Duranona said he thinks the number of Cubans entering the country

illegally, or overstaying visitors' visas, may increase if the Cuban

government follows through on a promise to loosen restrictions on

letting its citizens leave the country for visits abroad.

Andy Gomez, a Cuban-born professor at the University of Miami, said that

increases in Cuban arrivals could prompt the Obama Administration to

revamp the policy that gives arrivals an automatic pathway to residency.

"It would not surprise me," said Gomez, "if the administration tackles

this along with immigration reform."

"The influx of Cubans into the U.S. is increasing," said Ernesto Cuesta,

associate director of Cuban-Haitian programs for the U.S. Catholic

Conference of Bishops in Miami. "The young people we are seeing are

desperate. There is no hope in Cuba."

However, there is hope in La Yuma – Cuban slang for the U.S. – and that,

along with family ties, is what has kept the northward flow from the

island strong and steady for more than half a century.

In Broward, Miramar is the residential heart of the Cuban community, and

within that heart the trailer park called Haven Lake Estates keeps a

blue-collar Latin beat.

In preparation for the arrival of his son and his family, the senior

Velazquez, 59, a fork lift operator at a cement plant, punched a hole in

the side of his peach-colored trailer and started to enclose a patio

that within a few weeks will become another bedroom.

As he waits for the papers that will allow him to get a Social Security

card, a work permit and a driver's license, the younger Velazquez works

on the addition, talks to Olga about parlaying his experience as a

waiter into a restaurant job, and watches as his son, as if by osmosis,

picks up computer skills and English phrases.

"Everything is different here," said Velazquez, who lived in Guanabacoa,

a colonial town east of Havana. "Access to computers, eating good pork

and beef, even the smell. Everything smells clean here."

To ease the transition, the couple also attends orientation classes at

Church World Service offices in Doral, where job developer Erasmo Gomez

recently explained how to use a checking account, the federal

requirement to pay income tax, and the dangers of a credit card.

Cuban arrivals also get instruction on other routine tasks: searching

the want ads for a job, composing a resume, and sitting through a job

interview.

"In Cuba they don't know anything about that," said Gomez, 31, a onetime

Havana social worker who arrived two and half years ago to join his

sister in Miramar.

Gomez, who now lives in Pembroke Pines, said he tells newly-arrived

Cubans the best thing they can do to better themselves here is to learn

English. "Names, numbers, some basic English, because it's the basis of

the social, legal and medical system," he said.

But Gomez knows that in Miami-Dade, and increasingly in Broward and Palm

Beach counties, it is very easy to live exclusively within a

Spanish-language bubble.

Velazquez knows that, too. In addition to the Cuban-dominated

neighborhood in which he lives, at least 10 friends from his old

neighborhood preceeded him to South Florida. Olga has several relatives

here.

All provide possible connections to work but Velazquez says he agrees

about the importance of learning English.

"I want to do well here," he said. "So Spanish is fine for here. But if

I get a chance for a good job in another state, we will go. I will take

English classes as soon as I can."

mwclary@tribune.com, 954-356-4465.

http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/broward/fl-cuban-migrants-20121121,0,2661792.story

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